difference between Labrador and Labrador Retriever

The difference between Labrador and Labrador Retriever

We hear many names from dog lovers such as Labrador, Lab and of course Labrador retriever too.

Actually, what are all these names? What is the difference between Labrador and Labrador retriever?

What does the word retriever mean?

Let us find out answers to all these simple questions in the below article.


Difference between Labrador and Labrador retriever- What is it?

Actually, there is no difference between labrador retriever and Labrador, because both the words mean one and the same.

The official name of the dog breed is Labrador retriever and the loving breed is called with many names. People call them with shorter and easy names such as Labrador and lab depending upon their choice.

The name Labrador was coined with reference to the area where the breed was originated, that is the Newfoundland and Labrador province. In the beginning, the ancestor of the Labrador retriever was called the St.john’s water dog or the lesser Newfoundland. but the breed was named as Labrador to distinguish itself clearly from the larger Newfoundland breed.

Actually, the breed was not exactly from Labrador, but from the geographical area beside it which is Newfoundland.

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What does the word Retriever mean?

The retriever means a gun dog which retrieves the game for the hunter once it falls down on the ground.

The Labrador retriever and its ancestors were used to retrieve fishes and nets from the icy waters of the Newfoundland coast. Hence the name Labrador retriever perfectly suits the breed

The early settlers developed many retriever breeds for retrieving purposes such as Chesapeake Bay Retriever, Flat-coated Retriever etc.


Interesting info about the Labrador retriever

As i told you, Labrador retriever, Labrador and lab are one and same. Additionally, a yellow Labrador, a black labrador and a chocolate lab are also the same in its major traits. The only differences between them lie in its coat colour pigmentation.

The only major difference that exists within the Labrador retriever breed is its type. They can be classified into 2 broad types one is the English type and the other is the American type. Although the kennel clubs do not differentiate between the two types, they are differentiated by the people universally.

English type labrador, show type labrador

american type labrador, field type labrador








The English type or the show type labrador is little heavier, thicker and blockier and bred especially for show purposes. Hence it is called the show type Labrador. Whereas the field type labrador is slimmer with more working ability. Hence the name field Labrador perfectly suits its job.

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1 thought on “The difference between Labrador and Labrador Retriever”

  1. Both Golden Retrievers and Labrador Retrievers are social breeds. They love running, playing, swimming and rolling in mud, leaves, or anything new and interesting they may find on the lawn.

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